# Simple random sample

## What is a Simple Random Sample?

A simple random sample (SRS) is a subset of a population in which each member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample. This is in contrast to other sampling methods such as cluster sampling and stratified sampling, which involve selecting a certain number of elements from specific subgroups of a population. In simple random sampling, each member of the population has an equal chance of being chosen, regardless of subgroup.

## Benefits of Simple Random Sampling

Simple random sampling has several advantages over other sampling techniques, such as:

• It is simple to select and is relatively easy to understand.
• It eliminates sampling bias, as all individuals in the population have an equal chance of being selected.
• It is generally easier to calculate sample sizes for simple random sampling than for other sampling methods.
• It is useful for obtaining representative samples from large populations.

## Examples of Simple Random Sampling

Simple random sampling can be used in a variety of situations. Here are a few examples:

• Survey research: If a researcher wants to conduct a survey of a large population, they can use simple random sampling to select a representative sample of people to participate in the survey.
• Experimental research: If a researcher wants to conduct an experiment on a large population, they can use simple random sampling to select a representative sample of people to participate in the experiment.
• Market research: If a company wants to conduct market research on a large population, they can use simple random sampling to select a representative sample of people to participate in the market research.

Simple random sampling is a simple and effective way to obtain representative samples from large populations. It is easy to understand and calculate sample sizes, and it eliminates the possibility of sampling bias.