What is a Duopoly?
A duopoly is an economic situation in which two companies dominate the market for a particular product or service. It is similar to a monopoly, where one company has exclusive control over the market, but differs in that there are two dominant companies instead of one. The two companies often compete against each other to gain a larger share of the market, but because of their control of the market, they are able to determine prices and output levels.
Examples of Duopoly
One of the most famous examples of a duopoly is the oligopoly between Coca-Cola and PepsiCo. The two companies have long controlled the soft drink industry, with their products dominating the shelves of most supermarkets. In the United States, their combined market share is estimated to be around 90%. Another example of a duopoly is the online advertising market, which is dominated by Google and Facebook. The two companies have a combined market share of around 60%, making it difficult for other companies to compete.
Advantages of Duopoly
Duopolies can have some advantages for consumers. Because the two companies have control of the market, they are able to set prices that are lower than they would be in a more competitive market. This can lead to lower prices for consumers. Duopolies can also be beneficial for the companies themselves. Because they have control of the market, they are able to maintain high profits by setting prices and output levels that maximize their profits.
Disadvantages of Duopoly
Duopolies can also have some disadvantages for consumers. Because the two companies control the market, they can set prices that are higher than they would be in a more competitive market. This can lead to higher prices for consumers. Another disadvantage of duopolies is that they can reduce competition and limit innovation. Because the two companies have control of the market, they may not be motivated to innovate or develop new products.
Duopolies can have both advantages and disadvantages for consumers. They can lead to lower prices and higher profits for the companies, but can also lead to higher prices and reduced competition and innovation. It is important for governments to monitor these markets to ensure that consumers are not being taken advantage of.
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/duopoly.asp https://www.thebalance.com/duopoly-4080188 https://www.economicshelp.org/microessays/markets/duopoly/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duopoly