What is Uniform Freight Classification (UFC)?
Uniform Freight Classification (UFC) is a classification system that categorizes items by their density, stowability, handling, and liability. It is used by freight companies to determine the rate of transport and the type of service used to transport the item. UFC helps to ensure that all freight is classified accurately, making it easier for shippers to compare services and prices.
How does UFC work?
The UFC system divides items into 18 classes, from 50 (lowest) to 500 (highest). Each class is assigned a number that ranges from 50 to 500. The class number is based on four factors: density, stowability, handling, and liability. Density: This determines the amount of space that the item will take up. Items with a higher density will take up less space than those with a lower density. Stowability: This is the ease with which the item can be stowed and transported. Items that are more easily stowed will have a lower class number. Handling: This takes into account the amount of effort that is needed to handle the item. Items that require more effort to handle will have a higher class number. Liability: This is the risk that the carrier takes on in transporting the item. Items that have a higher risk will have a higher class number.
Examples of UFC Classes
Here are a few examples of the different classes in the UFC system:
- Class 50: This class is for items that are lightweight and not fragile, such as books, clothing, and small electronics.
- Class 100: This class is for items that are heavier than Class 50, but still not fragile, such as furniture, appliances, and sporting equipment.
- Class 150: This class is for items that are fragile and/or require special handling, such as glassware, artwork, and antiques.
- Class 200: This class is for items that are hazardous and/or require special handling, such as chemicals, explosives, and flammable materials.
Uniform Freight Classification is an important system for determining the rate and type of service used to transport items. It helps to ensure that all freight is classified accurately and makes it easier for shippers to compare services and prices. For more information about Uniform Freight Classification, please visit the National Motor Freight Classification website or the Freight Class Calculator website.