What is Discrepancy?

Discrepancy is defined as the difference between two values or sets of values. It can be used to describe a difference between two measurements that should be equal, or a difference between what is expected or what actually occurs. It is important to note that discrepancy can be either positive or negative.

Examples of Discrepancy

  • A discrepancy in accounting can occur when the balance sheet and income statement do not match.
  • A discrepancy in medical records can occur when the patient’s medical history does not match the current diagnosis.
  • A discrepancy in a job application can occur when the candidate’s stated qualifications do not match the job requirements.
  • A discrepancy in a criminal investigation can occur when the witness’s statement does not match the evidence.

Discrepancy and Error

It is important to note that discrepancy and error are not the same. Error is a mistake or miscalculation that does not necessarily affect the outcome of the task. Discrepancy, on the other hand, is a difference between two values that can have an impact on the outcome.


Discrepancy is an important concept to understand, as it can have a significant impact on the accuracy and reliability of data or results. Knowing how to identify and address discrepancies can help ensure that data and results are accurate and reliable.